European cultural route of fortified monuments

FORTE CULTURA¬ģ is the European Cultural Route of Fortified Monuments and represents the European cultural heritage of fortresses. This includes individual fortresses, fortified towns, citadels, fortified castles and palaces, fortified sacred buildings, large fortress systems, defence lines and the bunkers of the two world wars and the Cold War.

Visit modern museums with interactive exhibitions and multimedia shows or experience history up close with living history programmes and staged guided tours. Enjoy great concerts and music festivals, art installations and live performances, children's events and re-enactments. FORTE CULTURA takes you along the European cultural route of fortress monuments.

In our FORTE CULTURA fortress portraits you will find lots of interesting information about the respective fortress monument. Browse through exciting leisure and adventure programmes, historical background information and architectural highlights. Get in touch with the local players and book your next excursion or cultural event.

Annweiler (DE)

Annweiler (DE)

Trifels Fortified Castle (DE), fascinating history in the Palatinate Forest
Bad D√ľrkheim (DE)

Bad D√ľrkheim (DE)

Hardenburg castle and fortress ruins (DE)
Bard (IT)

Bard (IT)

Bollwerk am Eingang zum Aostetal – Meisterwerk des Festungsbaus zu Beginn des 19. Jh.
Fortress town of B√ľdingen

B√ľdingen (DE)

Fortress town: 500 years of fortress architecture in the county of Ysenburg-B√ľdingen
Cochem (DE)

Cochem (DE)

Government bunker: Bundesbank bunker in Cochem - German currency history during the Cold War
Dahn (DE)

Dahn (DE)

Fortified castles in Dahn (DE), romantic castle ruins in the Palatinate Forest
Dettenheim-Rußheim (DE)

Dettenheim-Rußheim (DE)

Military bunker: Museum Westwall Bunker Dettenheim-Rußheim (DE)
Dömitz (DE)

Dömitz (DE)

Citadel and fortified ideal city: the only completely preserved Renaissance pentagonal citadel in northern Germany
Dubrovnik (HR)

Dubrovnik (HR)

Fortified town: city fortifications of the ancient maritime republic of Ragusa
Weissenburg Gate, fortified town of Germersheim (DE) ©B.Hoff

Germersheim (DE)

Fortress town: Germersheim Fortress as part of the Rhenish fortress line of the German Confederation
Gizycko (PL)

Gizycko (PL)

Fortress system: Prussian fortress architecture in the heart of the Masurian Lake District
Gorgast (DE)

Gorgast (DE)

Fort: outer fortress of the Prussian fortress K√ľstrin, jewel of military architecture in the Oder-Warthe region
Grauerort Fortress

Grauerort (DE)

Fortress: The artillery fort on the Elbe cycle path, Prussian fortress architecture of the 19th century
Griesheim-sur-Souffel (FR)

Griesheim-sur-Souffel (FR)

Military bunker: Nellkopf Infantry Base I52 (FR)
Haguenau (FR)

Haguenau (FR)

Military bunker: fortress (large shelter) of the Maginot Line
Hornisgrinde (DE)

Hornisgrinde (DE)

Military bunker: former French command bunker Hornisgrinde (DE)
Ingolstadt (DE)

Ingolstadt (DE)

Bavarian state fortress Ingolstadt, major fortress system on the Danube
Josefov (CZ)

Josefov (CZ)

Fortified ideal city: pearl of fortress construction of the KuK monarchy
Kaub (DE)

Kaub (DE)

Fortified Pfalzgrafenstein Castle (DE), unique customs castle in the middle of the Rhine
Kehl-Neum√ľhl (DE)

Kehl-Neum√ľhl (DE)

Military bunker: Westwall camouflage bunker Kehl-Neum√ľhl (DE)
Fortress Kiew, UA

Kiew (UA)

Fortress system: National Historical-Architectural Museum "The Kiev Fortress"
Klingenm√ľnster (DE)

Klingenm√ľnster (DE)

Fortified Landeck Castle (DE), castle ruins with an exciting adventure programme
Koblenz (DE)

Koblenz (DE)

Prussian large-scale festival system at the confluence of the Moselle and Rhine rivers
Koblenz Ehrenbreitstein (DE)

Koblenz Ehrenbreitstein (DE)

Fortress: Imposing fortress opposite the Deutsches Eck (DE)
Kom√°rom (HU)

Kom√°rom (HU)

Fort: part of the Austro-Hungarian fortification system Kom√°rno (SK)/ Kom√°rom (HU)
Königstein Fortress, Saxony (DE) ©fotofestival-sandstein

Königstein, Saxony (DE)

Fortress: One of the most beautiful and powerful mountain fortresses in Europe
Kostrzyn nad OdrńÖ (PL)

Kostrzyn nad OdrńÖ (PL)

Fortress system: Prussian bulwark and once shining fortress city on the Oder
Rosenberg Fortress, Kronach (DE) ©Otmar Fugmann

Kronach (DE)

Rosenberg Fortress - the magnificent crown of the Lucas Cranach town of Kronach
La Línea de la Concepción (ES)

La Línea de la Concepción (ES)

Lines of defence: Defence bulwark against Gibraltar; forts and bunkers from 300 years of fortification history
Landstuhl (DE)

Landstuhl (DE)

Fortified Nanstein Castle (DE), Barbarossa's stronghold on the Kahlenberg
Lembach (FR)

Lembach (FR)

Military bunker: fortress (large shelter) of the Maginot Line
Mainz Citadel (DE) Photo mainzplus

Mainz (DE)

Fortress system: 2000 years of fortress history - from Roman fort to Prussian imperial fortress
Medzhybizh (UA)

Medzhybizh (UA)

Fortress: White Swan of Podolia; the eventful history of a town and its fortress
Modlin Fortress, Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki (PL)

Modlin (PL)

Fortress system: On the trail of European military policy in one of Europe's largest fortress systems
M√ľrlenbach (DE)

M√ľrlenbach (DE)

Fortified Bertradaburg Castle (DE)
Neuried Altenheim(DE)

Neuried Altenheim(DE)

Military bunker: Westwall camouflage bunker "Emilie" (DE)
Samuel's Festung Ohrid, Nordmazedonien

Ohrid (MKD)

Medieval fortress in the unique UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage Site of the Lake Ohrid region
Pelm (DE)

Pelm (DE)

Fortified Kasselburg Castle (DE), eagle and wolf park in a historic setting
VyŇ°ehrad Fortress, Prague (CZ)

Prague VyŇ°ehrad (CZ)

Fortress: National cultural monument, Impressive history and legends high above the Vltava River
Queichlinie, Die Schanz in Bellheim (DE)

Queichlinien (DE)

Vertedigungslinie: On the trail of European history in the Southern Palatinate
Fortress Rosenau, Rasnov (RO)

Rasnov (RO)

Cultural fortress in the heart of Transylvania, legends and fairy tales at the former peasant castle
WGM Museum of Defence History Rastatt (DE)

Rastatt (DE)

Museum of defence history in the former federal fortress of Rastatt
Reimerswiller (FR)

Reimerswiller (FR)

Military bunker: Bunker PC Reimerswiller - Historical Museum (FR)
R√ľsselsheim Fortress (DE) Photo Petzenhauser

R√ľsselsheim (DE)

Hessian state fortress on the Main, early modern fortress heritage meets industrial culture of the Main foreland
Sabbioneta (IT)

Sabbioneta (IT)

Fortified ideal city, UNESCO: fortress architecture in hitherto unknown perfection
View of Mount Titano, San Marino ©Commonists

San Marino (SMR)

Fortress system, UNESCO: Sky fortresses in one of the oldest republics in the world
Schoenenbourg (FR)

Schoenenbourg (FR)

Military bunker: cornerstone of the Maginot Line in Alsace
҆ibenik (HR)

҆ibenik (HR)

Cultural fortress ҆ibenik, fascinating fortress system on the Adriatic Sea
Srebrna Góra (PL)

Srebrna Góra (PL)

Fortress system: Polish National Park - cultural fortress in the Silesian Owl Mountains
St. Johann (DE)

St. Johann (DE)

Fortified B√ľrresheim Castle (DE), fairytale castle in the Eifel region
Strausberg (DE)

Strausberg (DE)

Government bunker: GDR telecommunications bunker - Cold War memorial site
Terezín (CZ)

Terezín (CZ)

Fortified ideal city: masterpiece of fortress architecture, historic Elbe fortress and memorial to the Second World War
Torgau (DE)

Torgau (DE)

The only large fortress system in Saxony still preserved in parts; fortified Hartenfels Castle
Ulm (DE)

Ulm (DE)

Fortress system: One of the largest fortifications in Europe with a varied programme of experiences on the Danube
Walbourg (FR)

Walbourg (FR)

Museum 1870-1945 Alsace (FR)
Windischleuba (DE)

Windischleuba (DE)

Fortified moated castle: popular youth hostel with a wide range of facilities in a historic setting
Ziegenhain (DE)

Ziegenhain (DE)

Fortress town: Hessian land fortress - bulwark of the Protestants, where confirmation was once invented

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